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      機構設置

      中德城鎮化與地方性研究實驗室

         中德城鎮化與地方性研究實驗室(Sino-German Joint Laboratory on Urbanization and Locality Research, UAL),由中國北京大學建筑與景觀設計學院、德國萊布尼茲漢諾威大學建筑與景觀學院共同設立。實驗室的研究基于學科交叉展開,成員來自城市規劃、景觀學、建筑學、生態學、旅游等多個專業。
             城鎮化是人類經濟社會發展的客觀要求和必然產物,是一個國家或地區經濟社會發展進步的重要反映和標志,也是當今世界最引人注目的社會、經濟和地理現象之一。中國經過30多年的傳統城鎮化進程,城鎮化率已經超過50%,但也導致城鎮的形態和景觀的破碎化、孤島化等現象,城鎮文化內涵和地域特色逐漸消失。
             UAL實驗室認為,目前的城鎮化過程中,城市同質性、“千城一面”的問題愈演愈烈,因此必須強調保持并發展地方性,即延續地方固有的自然和文化要素所形成的地方特色。地方性是一個動態的概念,包含細致研究一個區域的遺產狀況,并對其進行保護和發展。在UAL實驗室第一階段,即2016-2018年的研究中,正對中國大運河和城市運河沿河城鎮的景觀轉變進行考察,并以此為實例,制定規劃設計原則,從而在城鎮化進程中實現地方特色的保護和發展。在中國、德國及世界各地面向未來的城市化策略中,地方性和地方認同的建立是實現城市可持續發展的重要因素。UAL實驗室的研究目標和工作重點正與此相一致。

             Sino-German Joint Laboratory on Urbanization and Locality Research (UAL) is established jointly by the College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Peking University, China and the Faculty of Architecture and Landscape Sciences, Leibniz University Hanover, Germany. UAL has an interdisciplinary perspective and includes experts from Urban Planning, Landscape Architecture, Architecture, Ecology and Tourism.
             Urbanization, an irreversible trend for economic and social development of mankind, can be seen as an important index of prosperity and social progress in the country and region. Besides, urbanization is a socio-economic and geographic phenomenon that receives the most intense and increasing concerns. After the past 30 years of rapid development, the urbanization rate in China has exceeded 50%. However, it also leads to fragmentation in urban morphology and landscape. Urban cultural and regional characteristics have gradually disappeared.
             The Sino-German Joint Laboratory on Urbanization and Locality Research (UAL) addresses this problem of increasing uniformity and aims to maintain and develop locality, which means the specific character of a place with its inherent natural and cultural elements. Locality implies a careful study of an area′s heritage, it is about preservation and development, and it is a dynamic concept. In the first research phase of the UAL from 2016-2018, the transforming urban landscapes along the Grand Canal in China and German canals are studied and will serve as relevant examples to develop planning and design principles in order to achieve an urbanization which preserves and develops the local character. With these research aims, the UAL is in line with future-orientated urbanization strategies in China, Germany and all over the world, where locality and identity are seen as important factors to achieve sustainable urban development.


      研究人員
         
      介紹    
      汪芳    
      汪芳,教授,博士 中德城鎮化與地方性研究實驗室 主任 中國北京大學建筑與景觀設計學院 教授
      PROMINSKI Martin,教授,博士 中德城鎮化與地方性研究實驗室 主任 德國萊布尼茲漢諾威大學建筑與景觀學院 教授

       



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